Quick Telecast
Expect News First

Infected with COVID? Check latest WHO guidelines for risks, symptoms, treatment

0 81


When infected with COVID, we are often confused about the risk factors, emergency situations and when the doctor should be informed. Also, in case a patient with pre-existing diseases like hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease contracts COVID, what should be the course of treatment? As Omicron cases surge globally, World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently updated its COVID care guidelines addressing such queries. 

For COVID treatment, dissecting the word care in four terms – Confirm, Assess, Respond, Evaluate, the UN health agency said, these are the tools to support health care workers visualize the current WHO recommendations for the care of patients with COVID-19.

Here are the four stages of treatment of COVID patients:

Stage 1: The first stage is to confirm the disease through a Rapid or PCR test. 

Stage 2: Then early clinical assessment needs to be provided as per the symptoms, emergency signs or risk factors. The patients need to be guided whether they require treatment, clinical referral or admission to hospital care

What are risk factors? 

Risk factors for patients below 60 years: Hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease, chronic lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, mental disorders, chronic kidney disease, immunosuppression (including HIV), obesity, cancer and unvaccinated against COVID-19.

Risk factors in pregnant or recently pregnant women: advanced maternal age (>=35 years), obesity, chronic medical conditions, and pregnancy specific disorders (e.g. gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia/eclampsia).

What are the emergency signs?

Emergency signs are obstructed or absent breathing, severe respiratory distress, cyanosis, shock, coma and/or convulsions.

Stage 3: The third stage is to respond with appropriate care and treatment based on the severity of disease and risk factors.

What is the course of treatment?

Mild infection: If the infection is mild, all that is needed are symptom management and monitoring

Mild to moderate infection with risk factors: For patients with mild or moderate COVID-19​ (non-severe symptoms) but have risk factors for severe disease​ ​include medications – sotrovimab or casirivimab and imdevimab

Severe infection: For patients with severe or critical COVID-19, the treatment ​care plan includes Oxygen therapy, ​Corticosteroids, ​Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, ​ Interleukin-6 receptor blocker (tocilizumab OR sarilumab) OR baricitinib.

For seronegative patients, consider including casirivimab and imdevimab* ​(neutralizing monoclonal antibodies)​

Stage 4: The fourth stage of the treatment is evaluation. WHO says all patients receiving COVID-19 treatment require clinical monitoring and follow up by a health care professional throughout their illness and recovery, including those who develop post COVID-19 condition.

When to report?

If patients have emergency signs OR SpO2 <90%, seek ​urgent medical assistance. ​And, in case, the patients have SpO2 between 90-94%, worsening symptoms, ​side-effects or concerns, the patient or caregiver should immediately seek advice from a health care professional.

Also, advise patient or caregivers to monitor for change or worsening of symptoms, such as chest pain, fast or difficulty in breathing (at rest or while speaking), fast heart rate, palpitations, confusion, altered mental status, or any other emergency signs

It is important that all COVID-19 treatments are prescribed, completed or stopped under guidance of a health care professional, WHO says. 

 

Subscribe to Mint Newsletters

* Enter a valid email

* Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter.

Never miss a story! Stay connected and informed with Mint.
Download
our App Now!!


When infected with COVID, we are often confused about the risk factors, emergency situations and when the doctor should be informed. Also, in case a patient with pre-existing diseases like hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease contracts COVID, what should be the course of treatment? As Omicron cases surge globally, World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently updated its COVID care guidelines addressing such queries. 

For COVID treatment, dissecting the word care in four terms – Confirm, Assess, Respond, Evaluate, the UN health agency said, these are the tools to support health care workers visualize the current WHO recommendations for the care of patients with COVID-19.

Here are the four stages of treatment of COVID patients:

Stage 1: The first stage is to confirm the disease through a Rapid or PCR test. 

Stage 2: Then early clinical assessment needs to be provided as per the symptoms, emergency signs or risk factors. The patients need to be guided whether they require treatment, clinical referral or admission to hospital care

What are risk factors? 

Risk factors for patients below 60 years: Hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease, chronic lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, mental disorders, chronic kidney disease, immunosuppression (including HIV), obesity, cancer and unvaccinated against COVID-19.

Risk factors in pregnant or recently pregnant women: advanced maternal age (>=35 years), obesity, chronic medical conditions, and pregnancy specific disorders (e.g. gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia/eclampsia).

What are the emergency signs?

Emergency signs are obstructed or absent breathing, severe respiratory distress, cyanosis, shock, coma and/or convulsions.

Stage 3: The third stage is to respond with appropriate care and treatment based on the severity of disease and risk factors.

What is the course of treatment?

Mild infection: If the infection is mild, all that is needed are symptom management and monitoring

Mild to moderate infection with risk factors: For patients with mild or moderate COVID-19​ (non-severe symptoms) but have risk factors for severe disease​ ​include medications – sotrovimab or casirivimab and imdevimab

Severe infection: For patients with severe or critical COVID-19, the treatment ​care plan includes Oxygen therapy, ​Corticosteroids, ​Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, ​ Interleukin-6 receptor blocker (tocilizumab OR sarilumab) OR baricitinib.

For seronegative patients, consider including casirivimab and imdevimab* ​(neutralizing monoclonal antibodies)​

Stage 4: The fourth stage of the treatment is evaluation. WHO says all patients receiving COVID-19 treatment require clinical monitoring and follow up by a health care professional throughout their illness and recovery, including those who develop post COVID-19 condition.

When to report?

If patients have emergency signs OR SpO2 <90%, seek ​urgent medical assistance. ​And, in case, the patients have SpO2 between 90-94%, worsening symptoms, ​side-effects or concerns, the patient or caregiver should immediately seek advice from a health care professional.

Also, advise patient or caregivers to monitor for change or worsening of symptoms, such as chest pain, fast or difficulty in breathing (at rest or while speaking), fast heart rate, palpitations, confusion, altered mental status, or any other emergency signs

It is important that all COVID-19 treatments are prescribed, completed or stopped under guidance of a health care professional, WHO says. 

 

Subscribe to Mint Newsletters

* Enter a valid email

* Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter.

Never miss a story! Stay connected and informed with Mint.
Download
our App Now!!

FOLLOW US ON GOOGLE NEWS

Read original article here

Denial of responsibility! Quick Telecast is an automatic aggregator of the all world’s media. In each content, the hyperlink to the primary source is specified. All trademarks belong to their rightful owners, all materials to their authors. If you are the owner of the content and do not want us to publish your materials, please contact us by email – [email protected]. The content will be deleted within 24 hours.

Leave a comment
Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.

buy kamagra buy kamagra online